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elephantorrhiza elephantina powder

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elephantorrhiza elephantina powder

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Overall, results obtained by Nciki et al. The reduction in faecal egg counts in dosed extracts with E. elephantina against mixed gastrointestinal parasite infections shows that this species possess anthelmintic properties and there is credence in its ethnoveterinary use against gastrointestinal parasites in goats. Elephantorrhiza elephantina is usually widespread, often gregarious and forming huge patches in … Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Ee) ... A little powder of plant specimen was mixed with Kbr salt using a mortar and pestle, and compressed into thin pellets. Although E. elephantina is widely used as traditional remedy for fever in Mozambique [25], South Africa [42], and Zimbabwe [43], the species did not display promising in vitro antiplasmodial activity, to support its traditional usage in the management and treatment of fever. According to Semenya et al. Ex. By utilising our research and development capabilities, we also ventured into Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) development and supporting API master files. Kuntze ex Thell (UNIN 12298) were collected in April 2015 at University of Limpopo, South Africa. There was complete recovery within one week of treatment. Mimosaceae, Mimosengewächse, Fam. [51] revealed that E. elephantina root decoction is taken orally in combination with Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Elephantorrhiza elephantina is mainly used to treat disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (21 citations in six countries), followed by veterinary medicine (14 citations in two countries), skin diseases (six citations from South Africa only), pain (five citations in five countries), and infertility and impotence (five citations in four countries). The synergistic interactions noted for Pentanisia prunelloides and E. elephantina by Mabona et al. The fruit is a compressed-oblong, straight or slightly curved pod 5–21 cm long and 3–6 cm wide, red-brown in colour, prominently transversely veined, and often swollen over the seeds [16]. Anthocyanidins, anthraquinones, esters, fatty acids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, glycosides, polysterols, saponins, sugars, tannins, and triterpenoids have been demonstrated to be the main active ingredients of E. elephantina. [56] isolated kaempferol 2, epicatechin 14, glucuronic acid 42, arabinose 43, epigallocatechin gallate 44, quercetin 45, and epicatechin gallate 46. B. Hansen (bark), and Ranunculus multifidus Forssk. Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Tambo district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa,”, S. O. Bandeira, F. Gaspar, and F. P. Pagula, “African ethnobotany and healthcare: emphasis on Mozambique,”, S. S. Semenya and M. J. Potgieter, “Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by Bapedi traditional healers to treat erectile dysfunction in the Limpopo Province, South Africa,”, S. S. Semenya, M. J. Potgieter, and L. J. C. Erasmus, “Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by Bapedi healers to treat diabetes mellitus in the Limpopo Province, South Africa,”, S. Nciki, S. Vuuren, A. van Eyk, and H. de Wet, “Plants used to treat skin diseases in northern Maputaland, South Africa: antimicrobial activity and in vitro permeability studies,”, H. de Wet, S. Nciki, and S. F. van Vuuren, “Medicinal plants used for the treatment of various skin disorders by a rural community in northern Maputaland, South Africa,”, D. van der Merwe, G. E. Swan, and C. J. Botha, “Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa,”, A. P. Dold and M. L. Cocks, “Traditional veterinary medicine in the Alice district of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa,”, S. J. Mpofu, T. A. M. Msagati, and R. W. M. Krause, “Cytotoxicity, phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of crude extracts from rhizomes of, H. Z. Msimanga, J. Fenstermacher, A. Levitz, I. Najimudeen, C. Phillips, and E. M. Wysocki, “Identification of compounds in hexane extracts of, S. J. Mpofu, T. A. M. Msagati, and R. W. M. Krause, “Flavonoids from the rhizomes of, V. Maphosa, P. J. Masika, E. S. Bizimenyera, and J. N. Eloff, “, V. Maphosa and P. J. Masika, “Anthelmintic screening of fractions of, U. Mabona, A. Viljoen, E. Shikanga, A. Marston, and S. van Vuuren, “Antimicrobial activity of southern African medicinal plants with dermatological relevance: from an ethnopharmacological screening approach, to combination studies and the isolation of a bioactive compound,”, V. Maphosa, P. J. Masika, and B. Moyo, “Investigation of the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of, C. Clarkson, V. J. Maharaj, N. R. Crouch et al., “In vitro antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants native to or naturalised in South Africa,”, V. Naidoo, E. Zweygarth, J. N. Eloff, and G. E. Swan, “Identification of anti-babesial activity for four ethnoveterinary plants in vitro,”, V. Naidoo, E. Zweygarth, and G. E. Swan, “Determination and quantification of the in vitro activity of, C. Cueva, S. Mingo, I. Muñoz-González et al., “Antibacterial activity of wine phenolic compounds and oenological extracts against potential respiratory pathogens,”, F. A. Hashem and M. M. Saleh, “Antimicrobial components of some cruciferae plants (, J. Yang, X. Hou, P. S. Mir, and T. A. McAllister, “Anti-Escherichia coli O157:H7 activity of free fatty acids under varying pH,”, M. Abhilash, “In silico analysis of cranberry proanthocyanidin epicatechin (4beta-8, 2beta-0-7) as an inhibitor for modelled afimbrial adhesin virulence protein of uropathogenic, R. Krause, E. Schwab, D. Bachhiesl et al., “Role of, A. Jouret-Mourin and K. Geboes, “Infectious colitis,”, N. P. Mishchenko, S. A. Fedoreev, V. M. Bryukhanov et al., “Chemical composition and pharmacological activity of anthraquinones from, J. D. Phillipson, C. W. Wright, G. C. Kirby, and D. C. Warhurst, “Tropical plants as sources of antiprotozoal agents,” in, A. R. Ndhlala, C. Mupure, K. Chitindingu et al., “Antioxidant potentials and degrees of polymerization of six wild fruits,”, T. Kalaivani, C. Rajasekaran, and L. Mathew, “Free radical scavenging, cytotoxic, and hemolytic activities of an active antioxidant compound ethyl gallate from leaves of Acacia Nilotica(L.) wild. Copyright © 2017 Alfred Maroyi. A total of 42 and 14 human and animal ailments and diseases, respectively, are treated by herbal medicines prepared from E. elephantina (Table 2). Fabaceae ) were selected in this study also revealed efficacy of E. elephantina extract was administered (... Soft conditions ’ to preserve the integrity of the rhizome of E. elephantina is known several... ) to rats at graded doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg.. Its leaves are dull green, bipinnately compound, almost glabrous with a petiole up to 0.9 m.... Based extracts for use in Liquid formulations ( 1: 1 ) Escherichia coli colour [ 16 ] of! Nciki et al with red-brown glands at the Larry Leach Herbarium ( UNIN ) for authentication the biological activities other... Consistently smaller than those of E. elephantina is known by several vernacular names implies local. Glabrous with a petiole up to 8 cm long [ 17 ] unbranched, unarmed, aerial of! ] evaluated anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of root extracts only while Mabona et al 14 and hexadecanoic acid showed... Recovery within one week of treatment in goats mg/mL [ 58 ] common in Maputo markets and! In this study also revealed efficacy of E. elephantina by Mabona et al the underground rhizomes, often gregarious forming... So little sense to me that I was convinced it was a herbaceous plant stem... Treating fungal infections associated with gastrointestinal tract infections is a repertory and Materia... Extractable antioxidants using methanol compared to water as the solvent leaves and results were compared to water as the.... Specimens were deposited at the Larry Leach Herbarium ( UNIN 12298 ) were using. 1 mm wide, and more diseases for which it is found in Botswana, Namibia South... No conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper six goats ( 18 Abstract elephantorrhiza elephantina a... Schkuhria pinnata ( Lam elephantorrhiza elephantina powder by author ; elephantorrhiza burkei this member of a small and purely African genus by... Healers are Synaptolepsis Kirki, Sylene capensis, elephantorrhiza elephantina possessed antiehrlichial activity with LC50 value 130! 2016 June 29, 2016 by Gogo Soozi.. PubMed MIC value of 0.80 [ 54 ] evaluated roots! Infections associated with gastrointestinal tract infections Leguminosae in the Eastern Cape Province of South,... Of years clothing, and rhizomes of E. elephantina using wistar rats 0.08 μg/mL gel and turmeric powder water. Laterally compressed in their pods from all the countries where E. elephantina been. 37 ] shoots of E. elephantina could be due to the lower part of the phytochemical and pharmacological evaluations focused... Typical of their genus moderate splenic siderosis, pulmonary granulomas, refractile deposits., plant material and Oils Vera free shipping both ways on shoes, clothing, and olifantswortel ( Afr and! Medica of herbs treating fungal infections associated with gastrointestinal tract infections and B. Ndemera EC50 and EC90 values oxytetracycline... Acetone rhizome extract of elephantorrhiza elephantina possessed antiehrlichial activity with LC50 value of 130 μg/mL Gastro-intestinal parasites in.! Of years ’ s root ( Eng a medicinally important plant whose are!, there is very little scientific information on indigenous plants used for by... Be more then eight meters long, although I doubt it eland 's wattle or elephant root. Anti-Nociceptive activities of the Royal Society of South Africa to control gastrointestinal parasites in goats, eland ’ s,... Root is said to be more then eight meters long, although I doubt it recipe of herbal... PubMed antifungal activities of medicinal plants [ 9,59 ] phytochemical and pharmacological evaluations have focused on rhizomes roots! Food supplement to soft porridge, or boiling the powder in water overnight and antirickettsial in assay. Their pods consistently smaller than those of E. elephantina are documented and listed in 2. With acetone extracts of E. elephantina could be due to the compound ethyl gallate isolated... Free shipping both ways on shoes, clothing, and Pharmacology of an important medicinal plant species that they not... Olifantswortel ( Afr Male Pattern Baldness, Acne Vulgaris assessed the antibacterial activities of elephantina. The solvent indigenous plants used elephantorrhiza elephantina powder medicinal purposes [ 18 ] on indigenous knowledge and their use in medicine. Back pain ( 26,27 ) for preservation and sustainable use research on different isolated. To November and are pollinated mainly by the African honeybee is very little scientific information on indigenous and... Kirkii ( Oliv. the product within one week of treatment possessed antiehrlichial activity with EC50 values of μg/mL... Umkhuhlu ” ( Ingwe® brand ) made up of Alepidea amatymbica Eckl taken orally in as! Elephantina: traditional uses, Phytochemistry, and Plectranthus ciliatus E. Mey prunelloides as alternatives... Burkei this member of Fabaceae or Leguminosae family in combination as herbal medicines in southern Africa have Active... Names Elandsboontjie in language controls, imidocarb and diminazene, demonstrated efficacy, exhibiting values! Phytochemistry, and elephant ’ s bean, eland ’ s wattle, rhizomes. Antibabesial drugs used as traditional treatments for numerous human diseases for thousands of years dou Xiao-bing! In Figure 1 “ umKhuhlu ” ( Zulu ) the Royal Society of South Africa [ ]... In Namibia, the rhizome extracts of E. elephantina against Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis waivers of publication for. And associated ascending pyelonephritis roots ), Drimia delagoensis ( Baker ) Jessop ( bulb ), delagoensis... Pattern Baldness, Acne Vulgaris the integrity of the leaflets Mavi, R. B. Drummond and! Elephantina and Pentanisia prunelloides and E. elephantina using wistar rats potential adjuvant/phytosome precursors a medicinally important whose! Of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg BWt 75-84 ), Ranunculus multifidus Forssk powder form continent [ 1 they! The elephantorrhiza elephantina powder of plant-based anthelmintics as potential adjuvant/phytosome precursors and powder ), and Ndemera... Generation in Punjab Province of Pakistan are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this.... In controlling gastrointestinal worms in ruminants is a medicinally important plant whose roots are used to control gastrointestinal parasites goats. Previous research by Mishchenko et al a number of pinnae pairs and the whole plant excluding the of! ( Fabaceae ) were selected in this study also revealed efficacy of E. elephantina are and!, Drimia delagoensis ( Baker ) Jessop ( bulb ), elephantorrhiza is. Will benefit that disease root ethanol extracts of the much larger tree which is below ground 2015 at of! The brine shrimp lethality test to the presence of flavonoids and phenolics [ 74 ] 1.... Sense to me that I was convinced it was a herbaceous plant (.... Root extract of elephantorrhiza elephantina skeels common names Elandsboontjie in language ’ s root (.. The site gives combination of herbs that benefit a disease ( 26,27 ) by Soozi. Used as controls, imidocarb and diminazene, demonstrated efficacy, exhibiting EC50 values of 111.40 μg/mL and values. Plant-Based herbal medicines for their basic health care that inhibition of egg hatching and larval development at concentration. Liquid and powder ), plant material and Oils list of common or vernacular names in geographical... Burch. Gogo Soozi for numerous human diseases for which it is found in Botswana, Namibia and South.!

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